Interventional Radiology, a medical specialty, is rapidly growing. It allows radiologists to diagnose, treat, and cure a wide range of diseases using minimally invasive procedures. Interventional radiologists examine the inside of the body using imaging tests like CT scans and MRIs.
Many interventional radiology procedures can be used in place of open surgery. This procedure can treat many diseases, according to the interventional radiologist:
- Liver and kidney cancers
- Uterine fibroids
- Varicose veins, blood clots in legs
- Prostate enlargement
- Pelvic congestion syndrome
- Vein enlargement in the scrotum
Interventional radiology is also becoming more popular because of its lower risk of major complications and the fact that it usually costs less than major surgeries.
Procedures of Interventional Radiology
Radiologists can use a variety of procedures to combat different diseases. These are:
Clot-Dissolving Medicines Injectable
Radiologists inject drugs that dissolve clots, such as tissue plasminogen activators. This activator aids in dissolving blood clots and increasing blood flow to the legs and arms.
This is an X-ray of the veins to determine if there are any blockages or narrowings.
This type of radiology involves the injection of a substance into a blood vessel in order to stop blood flow. This procedure is usually used to control or stop bleeding.
A doctor inserts a catheter with a small balloon at its tip into a vein. The doctor then inflates this balloon to clear the blockage.
Radiologists insert a small needle in any part of the body to take a tissue sample. This is done using imaging techniques. A needle biopsy can provide a diagnosis and treatment without the need for surgery. Needle breast surgery can be an example of needle-based biopsy.
A catheter is placed in the large vein by a radiologist to provide chemotherapy medication, hemodialysis, and nutrition. A catheter may be placed in the large vein by a patient before they can receive bone-marrow transplants.
Placement of Stents
The radiologist inserts a tiny mesh coil called a stent into the blocked blood vessel. The doctor then expands the stent in order to clear the blockage.
Radiologists use ultrasound to examine the blood vessels to identify other problems.
Inferior Vena Cava Filters
A doctor inserts a small needle in the inferior vena cava, also called IVC. These filters are essential in catching blood clots, which may then go into the lungs.
A radiologist will insert a tube into the stomach if you have difficulty eating through your mouth.
These procedures are safer than open surgery and offer many benefits.
Radiology Interventions: The Benefits
These are just a few reasons to consider interventional radiology procedures over major medical procedures.
There is no hospital stay
We don’t want to go to the hospital if we don’t have to. Most interventional procedures can be completed in a shorter time frame than other major surgeries. A patient doesn’t have to stay in a hospital and can leave as soon as the procedure has been completed.
Interventional radiologists insert high-tech wires into the wrist or groin. The wires travel from the wrist to the groin and then through the vascular system, reaching any location where the problem is. There are no nerves within blood vessels. Interventional radiology procedures are painless because there is no nerve in the blood vessels.
You can expect a faster recovery in a few weeks
IR procedures are usually more effective than traditional surgeries. A hysterectomy, which is a procedure to remove the womb, can take several weeks to heal. The recovery time for the uterine fibroid embolization procedure is only a few days.
There is no general anesthesia
General anesthesia has many risks. These risks are not negligible for most open surgeries. Interventional radiology procedures are not considered to require general anesthesia. You will usually receive local anesthesia to calm your nerves and end general anesthesia.
There is less blood loss
There are risks associated with minor and major surgeries. These risks cannot be minimized. Contrary to these types of surgeries, interventional radiology procedures have fewer risks.
Lower Infection Risk
After surgery, there are always risks of infection. Larger cuts can increase the risk of infection during major surgery. These risks can be decreased, but cannot be eliminated. There are almost no chances of infection following an IR procedure.
As compared to major surgery, interventional radiology can be considered safe and effective. There are fewer side effects after and during the IR procedure than with open surgery. This treatment option is available to you without restriction if your doctor consents.
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